The EU has seven institutions, each of them with its specific role. These institutions are the European Council, the European Commission, the Council of the European Union or Council of Ministers, the European Parliament, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the Court of Auditors and the European Central Bank.
In the EU's unique institutional set-up:
Five further important bodies support the work of the institutions: the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions which are advisory bodies, the European Investment Bank, the European Ombudsman and the European Data Protection Supervisor.
In addition, a host of specialised agencies handle a range of technical, scientific and management tasks. The agencies operate in different EU member states. The European Chemicals Agency is located in Helsinki, Finland.